Everyone’s skin is normal to them, but in order to care for diverse skin types, we often group people into some skin categories.
Ascertaining your skin type is an important first step in knowing how to treat your skin, what products to use, and how to have perfect skin.
You have definitely heard the buzz about normal, oily, dry, combination, or sensitive skin types. But which one do you have?
It can change over time. For example, younger people are more likely than older ones to have a normal skin type. The differences in skin types depend on how much water is in your skin, which affects its comfort and elasticity, how oily it is, which affects its softness and how sensitive the skin is.
Skin falls into four types;
Normal Skin Type
Normal skin shows neither oil nor flaking skin. It should feel supple and smooth. If you have it, consider yourself lucky. This skin type is barely visible to pores and it’s a radiant complexion.
Oily Skin Type
Oily skin is characterized by the grease on the face. It is also common for a person with oily skin to have large pores, a dull or shiny thick complexion, blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes. Oiliness can change depending on the time of year or the weather. Stress, heat, Puberty or other hormonal imbalances can cause or worsen the skin type.
Dry Skin Type
Dry skin may feel taut or show flakes of dead skin. It is associated with small pores. Your skin can crack, peel, or become itchy, irritated, or inflamed. If it’s very dry, it can become rough and scaly, especially on the backs of your hands, arms, and legs. Moisturizing is important for this skin type. Dry skin may be caused or worsen by aging or hormonal changes, genes, and ingredients in soaps, cosmetics, or cleansers.
Combination Skin Type
Combination skin is most common. It exhibits traits of all three of the above skin types. Usually, the skin is oily in the T-zones (nose, forehead and chin) and normal to dry elsewhere.
The sensitive skin type could be any of these above mentioned. It can show up as redness, burning, itching and dryness. If your skin is sensitive, try to find out what your triggers are so you can avoid them.
There are many possible reasons, but often it’s in response to particular skin care products. It’s especially important to be careful of intense ingredients if you have sensitive skin.
The aged skin type is found majorly on the elder’s body, mostly dry with lines and wrinkles with loss of moisture.
HOW TO DETERMINE YOU SKIN TYPE ROUTINE
Wash your face to remove make-up. Wash with a gentle cleanser and pat dry. This cleans away oils and dirt that may have accumulated during your day, giving your skin a fresh start. Do not over wash though.
Wait for 30mins. During this time, your skin should return to its natural state, the characteristics of which will
determine your skin type. Act normally and don’t touch your face.
Dab your face with a tissue. Pay attention to the ‘T-zone, the area of your forehead and nose.
Look at the tissue to determine if oil rubbed off on it. If it did, you either have oily or combination skin. If you have sensitive or dry skin, your face will get red, itchy, or a rash could form. If you have dry skin, your face will feel taut after cleansing whereas oily skin will feel cleaner right after washing it. Oily skin will start to feel greasy again as your day continues. If you’re noticing your skin doesn’t fall under any of these categories and you’re free of problem areas, you have normal skin which requires low maintenance, lucky you!